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All There Is to Know About Wool

All There Is to Know About Wool

The fiber textile obtained from animals such as sheep is called wool. It also includes animals such as camelid wool, angora from rabbits, qiviut from muskoxen as well as mohair and cashmere from goats. There are many different qualities that wool has that make it different from fur or hair. For one thing, wool is elastic and crimped.

Wool Production

Skin follicles produce wool. These are located on the skin’s uppermost layer and pushed lower into the dermis when the fibers of wool grow. There are secondary and primary follicles. There are three fiber types produced by primary follicles.  These include true wool fibers, medullated fibers, and kemp wool. True wool fibers are only produced by secondary follicles. The crimp and scaling of wool make it easily spun into fleece since each fiber attaches to each other. Wool fabrics have more bulk than other fabrics due to their crimp. Wool can also hold air, which helps in heat-retention. There is a high heat coefficient with wool, so it does not release heat. This is an advantage for people that need insulation including the Tuaregs, Bedouins, and other desert people.

Wool felting happens when wool fibers hook together after getting hammered. The crimp amount is related to the wool fiber fineness. Merino and other fine wool have up to a hundred times more crimp per inch. Karakul and other coarse wool might have as little as two crimps. On sheep, Kemp is what fleece is called. Depending on the breed of sheep, fleece can be used for carding, felting or spinning into quilt batts or other products for insulation including the famous Scotland tweed cloth.

Moisture is readily absorbed by wool fibers although these are not hollow. Moisture can be absorbed by wool up to a third of its own weight. Like many other fabrics, wool absorbs sound as well. It has a creamy general color although random colors like silver; brown and black are also naturally produced by sheep.

Compared to cotton, wool ignites at high temperatures. There is a low flame spread rate and a lower combustion heat and heat release compared to cotton as well. For environments that require higher safety, wool carpets are the recommendation. Also, for environments such as aircraft and trains, wool is the preferred carpeting of choice. For soldiers and firefighters that are exposed to a high fire likelihood, wool is the specified garment of choice as well.

Use

Aside from being used for clothes, wool is also used for upholstery, insulation, felt, carpeting, saddle cloth, horse rugs, and blankets. Wool felt covers hammers in a piano and is used for absorbing noise in heavier speakers. Helmets were lined with wool in ancient Greece. Traditionally, wool was used to cover diapers made of cloth. Since wool repels water and the interior absorbs, it is a good choice for covering wet diapers, so the outer garment remains drier. Wool can also be dyed any color of your choice from a reputable dye supplier

Ramie-One of the Strongest Natural Fibers

Ramie-One of the Strongest Natural Fibers

Considered to be one of the strongest fibers in the natural world, ramie becomes even stronger when it is wet. The fiber ramie is especially known for being able to reduce wrinkles and hold shape. The fabric appearance looks lustrous and silky. Compared to other fibers, it is not as durable. Thus, it is blended usually with different fibers like wool or cotton. In terms of absorbency, it is not unlike linen. It also has the same microscopic appearance and density as linen. On the other hand it won’t dye as easily as cotton fabrics. Ramie is brittle and stiff due to its high molecular crystalline properties. If you repeatedly fold it in the same place, it will break. It is low in elongation potential and elasticity. Ramie also lacks resiliency.

Native to Eastern Asia

Native to East Asia, Ramie is a nettle family flowering plant. It is a perennial herb and grows up to two and a half meters tall. There are heart-shaped leaves and small hairs on the underside. Unlike stinging nettles, it gives an appearance of being silvery.  China grass or true ramie is called white ramie or Chinese plant.

Rhea or green ramie is a second type of ramie and is thought to have come from the Malay Peninsula. This type has leaves that are smaller with an underside that is green. It also seems to be more adapted to tropical conditions.  The Malay word ‘rami’ is where the word ‘ramie’ comes from.

One of the oldest crops ever used for fiber, Ramie has been around for a minimum of 6,000 years. Mainly, it is used for the production of fiber. The part used for fiber is the vegetative stalk bark, making this a bast fiber. Normally, ramie is harvested twice or thrice annually. In great conditions of growing, it can be harvested up to six times yearly. Ramie, unlike other bast crops, requires the fiber to be de-gummed using chemical processing.

Ramie is harvested soon after or just before the start of flowering. Since there is a plant growth decline at this stage, it is harvested at this time.  The maximum content of fiber is also available at this point. Stems are harvested by bending the stem or cutting just above the lateral roots. This enables the cortex to be stripped from the plant in situ and enables the core to be broken.

Stems after harvesting are decorticated when the plant is fresh. If this does not occur, the bark becomes hard to remove, and the plant dries out. Then, the bark ribbon is dried as quickly as possible. This prevents fungi and bacteria from attacking it.

From crops, harvested stems’ dried weight ranges from three to four-and-a-half yearly. This means that a crop that weighs 4.5 tons yields one-thousand-six-hundred kilograms/hectare/year of dry fiber non-de-gummed.

Fiber extraction happens in 3 different stages. First, the bark or cortex is removed. This can be done by machine or by hand. Decortication is what the process is called. Next, the cortex goes through a scraping so that most of the outer bark gets removed. In the bast layer, the parenchyma some of the pectins and the gums are removed as well. Finally, they wash the residual cortex material, dry this and then extract the spinnable fiber after it is de-gummed.

Uses of Ramie

Ramie is used for creating products like filter cloths, fishing nets, packing materials and sewing thread. It is also made for household furnishings into fabric, such as canvas and upholstery. Clothing can also be made or ramie. Frequently, another textile fiber is mixed with ramie such as wool. This creates a reduction in shrinkage in wool compared to 100% wool. Ramie’s waste and short fibers are used to manufacture paper. Ribbons of ramie are utilized as a substitute for linen tape and binding books.

Toyota’s Prius 2010 started using eco-bioplastic derived from plants made from cellulose in grass or wood rather than petroleum. Ramie is one of the main crops.

Ramie is Expensive to Produce

Ramie has limited textile use acceptance, despite its strength. The extraction and cleaning of the fiber does not come cheap. The main reason for this is that it involves too many steps including having to scrape, pound, heat, wash and expose the fibers to chemicals. All these steps are sometimes necessary to separate the resins or adhesive gum to the raw fiber which unsheathes it. Fiber spinning is hard by its low elasticity and brittle quality. The yarn’s hairy surface is complicated. The result is a lack of fiber-cohesion between them. Ramie’s greater use depends on there being improved methods of production or processing.

Properties of Ramie

Ramie is resistant to insect attacks, light, rotting, alkalis, mildew, and bacteria. It is very absorbent and thus very easy to wear and feel comfortable in, particularly when the weather is warm. Not unlike linen, ramie has a natural ability to resist stains with ease of soil or stain removal. Ramie does this even better than cotton. Mild acids don’t harm ramie and it is fairly easy to dye. When laundering, there is good wet-fastness in ramie although when repeatedly washed, darker colors might lose its vibrancy. When wet, ramie is stronger than when it is dry. Ramie can withstand high-temperature laundering. When washed, the smooth luster and appearance improve. Ramie does not shrink and keeps its shape. Also, this type of fabric can be bleached.

 

These days, it is a good idea to become familiar with all the great properties of natural fibers such as ramie. This way, you will know what to mix with other fabrics to garner maximum properties for the textile blend. Also, if you want to add an interesting twist to your ramie garments, go ahead and dye them in a range of colors from a great source of textile and fabric dyes.

Sisal Fabric

The Many Uses of Sisal

Agave sisalana is the botanical name of the fabric sisal. This is an agave species native to Mexico’s southern part. In many other countries, however, the plant is naturalized and cultivated. The result is a stiff fiber utilized for creating a variety of products. The sisal term might refer either to the fiber or the common name of the plant, depending on the contexts it is used in. At times, hemp sisal is the term used to refer to this. The reason being that for hundreds of years, one major source of the fiber was hemp.

The fiber sisal has been used traditionally for twine and rope. There are a variety of other uses including dartboards, carpets, bags, hats, footwear, cloth and paper.

Creating Sisal Fabric

The Mayans and the Aztecs made paper and fabric out of sisal. In Brazil, the first plants were created in the thirties and it was not until 1948 when the first exports of sisal fiber was accomplished. In Brazil, there was an acceleration of sisal fabric production in the sixties and the first of hundreds of spinning mills occurred. These days, sisal is produced in vast amounts in Brazil. There are both negative and positive impacts to the environment for growing sisal.

Extracting the Fiber

The process known as decortication is used for the extraction of the fiber. In decortication, leaves are brushed away, beaten and crushed by a wheel that rotates with knives that aren’t sharp. What remains is thus the fiber. On the other hand, there are large estates in Eastern Africa where sisal is typically produced. The leaves are transferred to a central plant for decortication. Water is used for washing away the leaves’ waste portions.

Sisal Propagation

Generally, sisal propagation is using buds produced from bulbils in the flower stalk. It is also propagated by growing suckers around the plant base. These grow in field nurseries until they are big enough for transplanting in their permanent destination. Methods like these don’t offer options for genetic improvement.

Twine Making

In agriculture, sisal has been the primary material for creating baler twine or binder twine. This is due to its durability, strength, resistance to saltwater deterioration, affinity for dyes and ability for stretching. Aside from cordage, twine and rope, sisal is used in creating macramé, wire rope core, handicrafts, carpets, mattresses, geotextiles, filters, buffing cloths, dartboards and specialized paper. In order to replace fiberglass and asbestos, sisal has been used as an eco-friendly agent for strengthening. Lower grade sisal is used to make paper. Medium grade fibers are used for making binder twine, baler and rope. Twines and ropes are employed for agriculture, marine and general uses in industrial situations. After treatment, the higher grade fiber is used by the carpet industry and converted into yarn.

Other Products

More products created with sisal include disc buffers, cloths, slippers, rugs, lumbar support belts, cat scratching posts and spa products. Wall coverings made of sisal meet the tearing and abrasion standards of the National Fire Protection Association.

Dyed Jute Fabric

All You Ever Wanted to Know About Jute

Jute is a shiny, soft, long vegetable fiber that can be spun into strong, coarse tread. Primarily, it is produced from the genus Corchorus plants. At one point in time, this was classified in the Tillaceae family. In the last few years it was re-classified into the Malvaceae recently. The name of the fiber or plant used for making gunny cloth, hessian or burlap is called Jute.

Most Affordable Fabric Next to Cotton

Second only to cotton in the produced amount, Jute is one of the natural fibers that are most affordable. In addition, it is also second to cotton in variety of uses. Most likely, the term ‘jute’ is coned from the word ‘jota’ or ‘jhuta’ which is a word from the Oriya. The fibers of jute are primarily composed of lignin or cellulose plant materials. It falls into the category of bast fiber, which is the collected fiber from the plant phloem or bast, also called the ‘skin’. The bast fiber category also includes ramie, linen or flax, industrial hemp and kenaf. Raw jute is the industrial term for jute. Its fibers range from the color brown to off-white and are one to four meters long, or three to thirteen feet. In addition, Jute is also referred to as the golden fiber for its high cash value and color.

Rope-Making

Making matting, rope and twine are among the uses of jute. Combined with sugars, the possibilities of airplane building has been explored. Since it has fiber uniformity, lustre, length, softness and cheapness, jute is in great demand. Similarly, it can be utilized for storing grains, wheat and rice. It is also known as the ‘brown paper bag.’ Since its nature involves being such a versatile fabric, it is called the ‘golden fiber.’

Agricultural and Commercial Uses

Also, matting made of jute is used for flood erosion prevention while farmers establish natural vegetation. Because of this, it is essential to have a biodegradable and natural fiber. Due to its being so versatile, jute is considered to be the second vegetable fiber that is most important. Chiefly, it is used to wrap large cotton bales and for making cloth. Uses of jute also range from making coarse cloth and sacks. Each jute fiber goes through weaving and is used as linoleum backing, hessian cloth, area rugs, carpets, chair coverings and curtains.
Many times, jute is replaced by synthetics and some take advantages of the biodegradable nature of jute. This is especially true when it is unsuitable to use synthetics. For example, jute is used as containers for young tree planting. This can also be directly planted with the jute container straight into the soil with no disruption to the roots. Jute cloth in land restoration prevents erosions from happening while vegetation is re-established.

Twine and Rope Production

Twine and rope are made or combined with other types of fibers along with jute in the manufacturing process. The coarse end of the jute plant is called the jute butt and this is used for making affordable fabric. On the flip side of the coin, finer jute threads can be made into imitation silk and separated out. As the fibers of jute are used for creating paper and pulp there is an increase in concern over wood pulp being bad for the forests when used for making paper. The result of this may be an increase in jute’s importance.

Jute Fiber

Jute Fiber comes from the outer skin of the jute plant called the ribbon. It also comes from the stem. The fibers are extracted first by retting. The process of retting consists of bundling stems of the jute and immersing these in water that is slowly running. The two retting types are ribbon retting and stem retting. After this process, it is time to start the strip process. This job is usually done by children and women. This process involves the scraping off of non-fiber matter before workers come in and grab each fiber from within the stem of the jute.

Production

The crop of jute is rain-fed and does not really need pesticides or fertilizer. This is the opposite of the heavy requirements of cotton. Mostly, jute production is concentrated in Bangladesh and the states of India including Bengal, Bihar and Assam. As a matter of fact, the world’s biggest production of jute is India. China, Pakistan and India import large jute products and jute fiber quantities. Other countries such as Brazil, Germany, the Ivory Coast, Spain, France, the USA, Japan and the United Kingdom also import jute in significant quantities.

Eco-Friendly

Jute is also used for manufacturing fabrics such as canvas, carpet backing cloth, scrim, sacking and Hessian Cloth. Lighter than sack-material, Hessian cloth is used for home furnishing, upholstery, wall coverings, wrappers and bags. One type of fabric made of heavy jute fibers is called sacking. Jute carpet backing cloth comes in two types. The first type provides a surface for tufting while the second type is bonded with the first kind for overlays. Jute is also used as an eco-friendly substitute for packaging.

Dyeing Jute

These days, you will notice that jute has become more and more valuable. It is used in making home textiles, floor coverings, cardigans, soft sweaters and espadrilles. Plus, uses also include for creating composites, geotextiles, high-performing technical textiles and home textiles. These products are all in different colors. If you are thinking of getting jute dyed, it is as easy as dyeing cotton as it is a natural fiber. For best results, contact a professional fabric dye company or use great products if you plan on doing this yourself.

blueberry as natural dye

3 Popular Fruits You Can Turn into Natural Dyes

We often use dyes that perfectly match our style. While this beauty trend can enhance our appearance, it can’t be denied that most of the colors, be it for cloth or hair, have a plethora of chemicals.

Is there a way to ditch these harmful chemicals and just enjoy a pretty color? Well, yes! Just spruce up your look with these three fruits, namely blueberries, pomegranates, and avocado. While there are several fruits you can use to make natural dyes, these three fruits give the most vibrant and consistent color among all.

  1.    Blueberries

Blueberries are a favorite when it comes to natural dyes. This is because they can be used to dye almost everything, from cloth dyeing down to hair dyeing. If you’d like to try this on your clothes, prepare one cup of blueberries, depending on the amount of fabric you want to dye. Aside from that, you will need ¼ cup of salt, pegs, saucepan, gloves, and the fabric itself. This fruit is your best choice to have that bluish color on your fabric.

Blueberries also promote hair growth since these contain a particular plant chemical known as Proanthocyanidins. This substance interacts with the follicles to stimulate growth. Blueberries are loaded with vitamins and antioxidants too! You can use this fruit as your natural hair dye homemade recipe. It is an excellent, chemical-free way to add a pink tint or a hint of color on your dark hair, as well as on clothes.

  1.    Pomegranates

Pomegranate is another excellent fruit that you can use to make natural dye. This fruit is abundant in pigment which can give you luscious red color for dyeing. It has a huge concentration of tannin content and colored pigment like anthocyanin, which makes it a great option for natural dyeing. Moreover, pomegranate is widely used in the US as a universal coloring such as food, hair, and fabric coloring. Thus, its safety is already given.

pomegranate as natural dye

  1.    Avocado

avocado as natural dye

This delicious fruit is not only great for hair care purposes but can also be used as natural coloring. However, you can still eat the fruit as it is only the skin or the peel that will be used for dyeing. Avocado skin is yet another great option for natural dye. A study shows that the avocado skin contains chlorophyll and carotenoid pigments when they ripen. It is important to note that the concentration of pigment changes depending on the maturity or how ripe the avocado is.

If you want to get the best possible pinkish color, it is best to prepare your dye right after harvesting the avocado. Therefore, freshly harvested avocado is the best to use.

Test First Before Applying These Natural Dyes!

Before applying these natural dyes, it is recommended that you do a test first. Select a test strand to know the effect of the color. This is particularly important if you have recently used some chemical dyes on the garment.

These three fruits are indeed a cost-efficient and safe way to change the color of the fabric. You can now achieve a blue, red, or pink shade without the need to resort to unsafe and expensive chemical dyes.

 

Dyed Lustre Silk Fabric

The Beautiful, Unmatched Lustre of Silk Fabric

Silk is absorbent, making it comfortable to wear in warmer climates. In cold weather, silk keeps you warm due to its low conductivity. It is often used for clothing such as formal dresses, blouses, ties, and shirts. It is also used for folk costumes, sun dresses, dress suits, robes, pajamas, lingerie and the lining of expensive clothes. Silk can be dyed. It protects from horseflies and mosquitoes. It has an attractive drape and luster that makes it great for applications of furnishing as well. It can be used as window treatments, wall coverings, and upholstery. Silk has many commercial and industrial uses including bicycle tires and parachutes.

Composition

A natural fiber protein, silk can be used for weaving textiles. Mainly, silk’s protein fiber is made up of fibroin. The production process involves the larvae of certain insects to create cocoons. The most popular silk in the world is taken from larvae cocoons of the Bombyx mori mulberry silkworm in sericulture, which means reared while captive. Silk’s shimmer and appearance come from the silk fiber’s structure of being like a prism. This allows the cloth of silk to refract light coming in at varied angles. Thus, different colors are produced.

Silk in India

In India, there is a long history of silk. In the north and eastern India, it is known as Resham. In India’s southern parts, it is called Pattu. Recent archaeological finds suggest that the ancient civilizations in India knew how to harvest silkworms and knew a lot about silks. India is the second largest silk producer in the world. Almost one hundred percent of raw silk comes from five states in India namely West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka and Andrha Pradesh. The up and coming site in North Bangladore of the twenty million Silk City Mysore and Ramanagara contribute to Karnataka’s major silk production.

Silk in Ancient China

It was in ancient China in which Silk fabric was first developed. Silk fabric first examples are from the year 3630BC. These were used for wrapping a child’s body from the site of Yangshao culture in Qingtaicun at Henan. Silk development has a legend that has to do with Leizu, an empress of China. Originally, silk was reserved for exclusive use of the Chinese emperors or for them to give this as a gift to others. Gradually, silk use spread throughout the culture of China and became traded both socially and geographically. Later on it spread throughout the rest of Asia. Due to its luster and texture, silk became a luxury fabric rapidly popular in the many accessible areas to merchants from China. There was a great demand for silk, and this became a staple of international trade in the pre-industrial times. Later, intricately dyed and woven silk textiles were discovered by archaeologists in a Jianxi province tomb dated about two thousand five hundred years ago in the Eastern Zhou Dynasty. Even if there is a suspected long history suspected by historians about the forming of ancient China’s textile industry, the newly found silk that involved techniques of dyeing and weaving which were complicated is real evidence that silk dated before the Mawangdui discovery.

The Production of Silk

Several insects can be used to produce silk. In general, however, only the moth caterpillar silk has been utilized for the manufacturing of textiles. When it comes to other silk types, there has been a lot of research which vary at the level of molecules. Mainly, silk is produced by insect larvae going through total metamorphosis. Certain insects like raspy crickets and web spinners produce silk for the entirety of their lives. Also, the production of silk occurs in ants, wasps, bees and other Hymenoptera, midges, flies, fleas, lacewings, beetles, leafhoppers, thrips, mayflies and silverfish. Silk is also produced by other arthropod types, and the most notable are varied spider arachnids.

Silk in the Wild

There are different kinds of silk in the wild other than the type produced by the mulberry silkworm and produced by caterpillars. These have been used in Europe, South Asia, and China since time immemorial. On the other hand, compared to cultivated silk, wild silk has always had a smaller production scale. The reasons for this are many. For one thing, the final product does not come in uniform color as wild silk varies in texture and color. Next, wild cocoons that have been gathered sometimes have the pupa having emerged from them before being discovered. The result of this is that the silk thread comes in shorter lengths. Also, there are different mineral layers that cover the wild cocoons, preventing any attempt to reel them into long silk strands. For these reasons, the only way to acquire suitable silk for creating textiles in the wild was through labor-intensive, tedious carding.

Reared silkworm pupae are where commercial silks come from. These are bred for producing a silk thread that is white in color with no surface mineral. The pupa is either pierced with a needle or dipped into boiling water before the finished moth emerges. Factors such as these all contribute to the whole cocoon’s ability to unravel as one thread continuously. This permits a long silk cloth woven from the threads. Also, silk gathered from the wild is a bit harder to dye than cultivated silkworm silk.

Demineralizing is a technique allowing the outer cocoon layers of wild silk to be taken off. This leaves color variability as the only barrier to creating an industry of commercial silk based on silk from the wild in parts of the globe where the wild moths for silk thrive. These countries include South America and Africa. More useful types of silk can be produced through domestic silkworms that have been modified genetically.

Conclusion:

It is no wonder why silk fabric is in demand now more than ever. Its quality, luster, and drape are simply unmatched. Plus, you can dye it in a million shades for added luminosity.

Purple Dyed Chiffon Fabric

The Unbearable Lightness of Chiffon

Chiffon is a balanced, lightweight plain sheer fabric which was woven with alternative twists of Z and S crepe yarns. These yarns have a high twist. The fabric is slightly puckered by the high twist of the crepe yarns in either direction after being woven. This gives the finished produce a somewhat rough feel and some stretch. Chiffon is usually used for formal wear and lingerie. Many saris and sarongs are also made of chiffon. It is translucent enough to layer over other fabrics.

Chiffon in the Early Days

Pure silk was used to create earlier versions of chiffon. However, in the year 1938, a nylon chiffon version had been invested. Later, an immensely popular polyester chiffon was created in 1958. This was due to the low cost and resiliency of the fabric. Chiffon under a magnifying glass looks like mesh or a fine net which makes it look a bit transparent. In evening wear, chiffon is used most commonly particularly as overlays. It gives a floating, elegant appearance to gowns. It is also a fabric popularly used in lingerie, ribbons and blouses. Like other fabrics made of crepe, chiffon can be hard to work with due to the slippery and light texture. Due to its delicacy, chiffon needs gentle hand washing only. The fabric frays easily as well as it is a very light weight textile. French seams or bound seams are necessary for stopping the fray of the fabric. Compared to the similar fabric georgette, chiffon is more lustrous and is much smoother.

Dyeing Chiffon

Rejuvenate the color of your chiffon fabric by dyeing it. Before you do this, however, remove stains using a stain remover. If you fail to remove the stains before you dye your chiffon, the dye will not be even. Tough stains can be removed by an enzyme stain remover. After each stain is washed out, dry the chiffon on a clothes dryer on a setting of low heat.

Hand-washing Chiffon

For hand washing chiffon, use gentle liquid detergent. Make it easier to wash your chiffon garment by folding it in half. Swirl it around the tub filled with lukewarm water and detergent and let it soak for half an hour. Use a stream of running water or a tub full of clean water to rinse it out. You will know it is completely rinsed if all the soap bubbles are removed. You will damage the shape of the garment if you wring the fabric. Instead, use a towel and put fabric over this before covering it with another towel. Push down on both towels to get rid of extra water. Let the chiffon dry by removing the towels and hanging on a clothesline.

Conclusion:

Knowing how to care for your chiffon will go a long way towards garment preservation. In fact, the light fabric is probably more fragile than all the garments you own. Knowing its qualities and care instructions will preserve your chiffon outfits.

Linen-Do You Know All There Really Is to Know About It

Linen-Do You Know All There Really Is to Know About It?

At one point or another you have probably come across linen fabrics and marvelled at the beauty of this weave. You may have even inherited a set of linen home decor and are impressed by the durability of this type of textile. It comes as no surprise that even with its higher than usual price, more people buy linen than other fabrics for many different uses.

What is Linen Made Of?

Made from flax plant fibres, linen is a type of textile that is not exactly easy to make. However, linen garments are exceptionally cool and very absorbent. Thus, they are valued particularly in hot weather. Most linen products include women’s wear, men’s wear, chair covers, runners, tablecloths, bed linens, napkins, wash towels, body towels, beach towels, bath towels and swimming towels. Products like bags and aprons are also made of this fabric,
Textiles that are linen are among the world’s oldest. Historically, they have been around for thousands of years. Fragments of yarns, fibres, seeds and straws that date about 8000BC are found in dwellings by the Swiss Lake. Flax fibres that have been dyed were discovered in a Georgian prehistoric cave and some historians suggest that wild flax woven linen may have been around since 36000BC.

Can Linen Be Dyed?

Natural fibres like wool, silk, linen and cotton are more accepting to dye than man-made fabric. It is important to experiment with the colours and styles you want to dye linen if this is what you want to blue. Take note how your particular set of linens takes dye by testing a small portion to see the end result before you dye the entire batch. Dyeing linen is a great way to rejuvenate a set of napkins, a collection of coasters, table cloths or even clothing. Have you been thinking about dyeing your linen for quite some time now? It is easier than you think particularly when you use a great dye product.

A Valued Fabric

Linen is one of the world’s oldest forms of woven fabrics in the history of humankind. In fact, even in ancient times, only royalty was thought to be suited to wear clothing made of this fabric. In the making of the robe of a king, only linen dyed purple was used for representing class and royalty. The quality of the plant affects the quality of the linen produced. This plant is not easy to grow as it is quite temperamental. The fibre is in the plant stalk and requires a tedious, expensive and long process of extraction. This affects the final price of the fabric as well. Plus, each stalk was picked by hand to make sure that the linen is produced in the highest quality. These days, flax is processed on machines for cotton to create linen. The result of this, however, is a linen that is lower in quality and price that would be more affordable that the top-quality kind. Linen that is made of good quality would be able to repel dirt, be moth resistant and soft. Since it has the ability to lose and absorb water quite fast, linen is very in-demand in hotter climates. The reason behind this is that it is able to almost immediately wick perspiration from the skin.

Uses of Linen

Decoration- home decor is frequently made of linen due to its great texture. Linen items that you plan to throw away can actually be repurposed to become doilies or table toppers. You can even cut linen fabric into smaller round coasters to put under drinks. Add a decorative element to your living space with the different designs and colours of linen.
Clothing- linen is a great choice for clothes especially in hot climates. The lightweight construction lets air pass through. In hot weather, this gives a cooling effect to the user. It is absorbent to moisture as well. It has a cooling effect on the body since it quickly absorbs perspiration off the skin of the wearer. Usually, linen is used in the making of dresses, pants, t-shirts and shirts. On the other hand, linen also wrinkles quickly, which makes it less than ideal to wear for important occasions. Frequent iron use is required for those that love to use linen. On the other hand, most linen wearers would agree that the advantages of linen simply outweigh all its disadvantages.

Storage

No matter what purpose linens serve, proper care is required. If linen fabric is used as a napkin or tablecloth, it could encounter stains from oil, drinks and food. Drinks and meals could stain the linen. Thankfully, it is very easy to clean. Berry and red wine stains can be taken off by using colourfast bleach or regular soap. If the linen happens to be white, bleach can be used. Hot water should be used to clean tablecloths as the temperature serves as a disinfectant as well. When linen fabric is taken care of and stored properly, you can be sure to enjoy your linens for years to come. As a matter of fact linen home decor can be handed down from one generation to the next, as their durability is something you can truly depend on.
Linen Napkins
Napkins made of linen can soak up dinner table spills effectively and easily, just like a tablecloth. The wetness and spills do not damage the fabric itself, making linen ideal for everyday use.

Linen Tablecloths

Throughout history, linen has been used for covering tables. Compared to other fabrics such as cotton, linen proves to be more durable. It is able to quickly absorb water and does not break easily regardless of how many times water spills on it. This makes it the ideal choice for tablecloths. Food spills and liquid spills can be easily cleaned out using bleach.

polyester

Dyeing Polyester- Know The Facts!

Polyester is a man-made fibre made from petroleum, water, air and coal. Created in a laboratory in the twentieth century, this fabric was developed from a chemical reaction between alcohol and acid. There is a combination of more than two molecules from alcohol and acid to create a larger molecule in a repeating structure throughout its length. Fibres made of polyester can be formed in extra-long molecules that are strong and stable.

Can Polyester Be Dyed?

Polyester may not be the easiest fabric to dye but there are types of dyes that polyester takes to with ease. Knowing the kind of dye that is perfect for using with polyester will help you rejuvenate your collection of clothing. In fact, dyeing fabric is a great way to give a brand new look to your space. You will end up with a brand new look without having to break the bank. All you need is a great dye product that actually works.

Products Made of Polyester

In manufacturing many products, you will see that polyester is used a lot. These include electric insulation, computers, industrial fabric, home furnishing and clothing. There are a few benefits of using polyester compared to using other types of fabric like linen. For example, polyester absorbs oil but not moisture. This makes it perfect for fire-resistant, soil-resistant and water-resistant finishes. It is not very absorbent so it resists stains easily. Clothing made of polyester can be shrunk ahead of time during the process of finishing. Thus, consumers won’t have to deal with their new clothes shrinking in the wash as it has already pre-shrunk. This also means that polyester will retain its shape. The best part is that dyeing polyester is easy. Polyester is also used for creating hypo-allergenic insulation, sleeping bags, outerwear, quilting and filling pillows.

Manufacturing Polyester

There are several methods used to create polyester depending on what the finished form is to be. Fibrefill, tow, staple and filament are the four basic forms. For polyester filaments every polyester fiber strand is created continuously producing a fabric with a smooth surface. Filaments in a staple form are cut to predetermined, short lengths. It is easier to blend in polyester in this form. When each filament is drawn together loosely, this is called the tow form. In the manufacturing of outerwear, pillows and quilts, the voluminous form is called fibrefill. Staple and filament polyester forms are the two most frequently used forms.

Since it was first discovered, polyester became very popular. The reason is that permanent press fabrics and easy care are some of its qualities. Microfiber is the newest form of polyester which is more versatile and luxurious than traditional polyester. Mary McFadden and other clothing designers have used microfiber in designing an entire clothing line. Polyester is also being developed to become as strong as bulletproof vest material. Eventually, applications include airplane and care manufacturing.

Dyed Paper with Different Colors

Color trends for 2017

The year 2017 is about to start. With it is the transition of color trends and palettes for fashion, interior, and graphic designs. From previous Rose Quartz and Serenity as Colors of last year, 2017 offers different hues and best combinations of colors for fashion, product, designs, and interiors.

Colors always make our lives more alive and vibrant that’s why we’re rounding up the colors and palettes for the year 2017 to break the “dated” colors we’ve seen in the previous years.

Here are the 10 color trends and palettes that are best for fashion, graphics, and interior designs next year.

    1. GreeneryGreen Dye2017 will evoke more freshness with green vibes next year. Greenery will be the top colors among the best hues. It will be best combined with several colors that are also fab for next year.

 

    1. Rich GoldRich Gold DyeThis is one of the color trends for next year. This will give Greenery a balance in the fashion and interior colors.

 

    1. Canyon ClayClay DyeThis one’s from the pastel group of colors best to pair with Greenery. Isn’t it good to pair spring greens with a little bit of light-colored flower such as this color?

 

    1. Bronze MistBronze Mist DyeGreenery will also be best paired with some metallic colors like this one. It gives more life to the spring greens of Greenery.

 

    1. FandangoAnother one from the “Brights” group of colors. This one will help in balancing the melancholic tone of the Greenery.

 

    1. Blazing YellowYellow DyeHow nice it would be to pair the Greenery spring with bright and lively yellow, like this one. This includes in the list of top colors best mixed with the theme color, Greenery, in the year 2017.

 

    1. True BlueBlue DyeThis one belongs to Deeper Shades” group of colors. It is best suited to mix with Greenery which is a versatile trans-seasonal shade. This one came back as one of the color trends this year, originally a color trend last year as well.

 

    1. ButtercreamButtercream DyeThis one’s also from Pastel group of colors. It gives vibrancy to monotonous hues of Greenery. It is best mixed with Greenery for added life and vitality in a room or an art.

 

    1. Red DahliaThis palette is suited best to mix with the Greenery for its darker yet feminine tone. It gives Greenery the conflicting image of freshness and weariness yet gives balance to both.

 

  1. Brown RiceBrown DyeIt belongs to Pastel group of colors. Yet it is slightly dark and best mixed with Greenery for its earthly effects. Fresh leaves always best mixed with little dead ones, aren’t they?

These colors will make their presence felt more next year. And with better planning and combination, this color guide for next year will surely make your designs, fashion and interior lift from the bland artistry they were before.