Typically available in the north hemisphere, the easily-dyed Hemp fiber is a variety of the plant species cannabis sativa specifically grown for the industrial use of the products derived from it. Hemp happens to be a quickly-growing plant and ten thousand years ago was one of the world’s first plants that were spun into wearable fiber. Hemp can also be developed into various items of commerce including animal feed, food, bio fuel, insulation, paint, biodegradable plastics, clothing, textiles and paper.
Even if hemp and the drug cannabis are both species members of cannabis sativa and contain the tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) psychoactive component, each has unique bio-chemistry and are distinct strains. Each has a different use. There are lower THC concentrations on hemp and in cannabidiol (CBD), higher concentrations which eliminate or decrease the psycho-active results. Between countries, the legality of hemp for industrial use widely varies. Some countries only allow hemp bread with a low THC content while others allow all strains to be produced for industrial use.
Throughout history, the fiber of hemp has been used extensively particularly after being introduced to the industrial world. Items that range from fabrics to rope to industrial materials were made from fibrous hemp. Usually, these were made into canvas for sailing. As a matter of fact, the word ‘cannabis’ is where the word ‘canvas’ comes from. These days, there is a modest industry for hemp fabric in existence. Clothing can also be made from hemp fibers. The texture of pure hemp fibers is not unlike the texture of linen.
Hemp fabric was processed by taking the stalks of hemp and getting these retted in water, at first. Each fiber was then beaten by hand out of the inner hurd. Scutching is the name of this process. With the evolution of mechanical technology, getting the core and the fiber separated was done by brush rollers and crushing rollers producing a clean fiber that was almost clean. After the 1938 Tax Act of Marijuana, the technique for getting the core separated from the hemp fibers remained untouched by time and un-evolved. It was only beginning in Ireland in 1997, and then the rest of the countries of the Commonwealth, industrial hemp growing started again.
Hemp Fiber Uses
Various industrial and commercial products are made with hemp fiber. These products include plastics, textiles, paper, food, clothes, rope, bio fuel and insulation. Bast fibers of hemp can be used to make one hundred percent hemp textiles. However, these are normally blended with other fibers such as silk, cotton or flax in order to create woven fabrics for furnishings and apparel. The two inner plant fibers typically have industrial applications as they are woodier. These include litter, animal bedding and mulch. When hemp oil oxidizes from the seeds and solidifies, this is used in manufacturing moisturizing agents, creams and paints, creating plastics and for cooking. Seeds of hemp have also been used in creating bird food mixtures. A 2003 survey features over ninety-five percent hemp seeds sold in the EU for use as bird and animal feed.