Machineries Used in Textile Industry


Textile Industry: Crossing the Timelines

Textile production is a global industry that has been a part of human civilization since the dawn of man since clothing is a basic feature of any society. As such, clothing and textiles have been a part of history and suggest the materials as well as the technology that is available to the people in a specific location.

Textile manufacturing was a catalyst for the Industrial Revolution in America that sparked in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. It called for an economy that caused the movement of a significant number of people from the rural areas to urban centres, to leave their agricultural jobs in exchange for works in manufacturing plants.

The Process

Textile manufacturing involves a number of processes: fibre production, yarn production, fabric production, pre-treatment of fabrics, dyeing and printing, and, finally, applying finishing treatments. Textiles can be felt (produced by matting, condensing and pressing fibres together) or spun fibres that are made into yarn and subsequently netted, looped, knit, or woven to make fabrics.

Throughout history, the methods of textile production have constantly progressed. Moreover, the selections of textiles that are available have likewise affected how people in these places lives—how they carried their possessions, clothed themselves, and even embellished other elements within their environment.

The Tools

The textile industry uses an extensive number and make of machines to make clothes and other textile products that are made available in the market and that we use on a daily basis. These pieces of equipment greatly vary in size –from massive heavy-duty industrial machines that are generally used in major textile factories, to small consumer-sized sewing machines that are vital to both factories as well as in most households.

Although a number of different merchandise are produced by textile industries, cotton is still the most important natural fibre that they make, hence the types of machines found in the textile industry are usually intended for processes that fabricate cotton-based fabrics. These textile machines execute different operations at various stages of the production, such as yarn spinning, weaving, knitting, sewing as well as dyeing. However, not all of these machines are required for each of the production line within the manufacturing site. Other machines are used to create specific fabric effects like embossing, bleaching and mercerizing (a process employed for cellulosic material, normally cotton threads, to make the cotton stronger and shimmer).

The first textile machine that was used in textile manufacturing was the spinning wheel. It was first developed in India. By the 14th century, spinning wheels have reached Europe.

With the passing of time, machineries found and used in textile industries became more advanced. The different textile industry machineries are primarily categorized into types:

  • textile process machineries
  • textile working machineries and equipment and accessories

The textile process machines are as follows:

  • Cloth finishing machines
  • Knitting machines
  • Fabric seaming machineries
  • Crochet machines
  • Lace making machines
  • Label making machines
  • Quilting machines
  • Textile finishing machines
  • Textile sourcing machines
  • Textile spinning machines
  • Textile winding machines
  • Textile edge control device
  • Thread winding machines
  • Tufting machines
  • Weaving machines
  • Zipper making machines
  • Woolen mill machines

The textile working equipment and accessories, on the other hand, include:

  • Applique scaling machines
  • Attaching machines
  • Cloth measuring machines
  • Cloth cutting machines
  • Embroidery machinery
  • Garment machinery
  • Industrial sewing machine
  • Laundry dryers
  • Monogramming machines
  • Textile bleaching machines
  • Textile folding machine
  • Textile trimmers machine

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