Chiffon is a balanced, lightweight plain sheer fabric which was woven with alternative twists of Z and S crepe yarns. These yarns have a high twist. The fabric is slightly puckered by the high twist of the crepe yarns in either direction after being woven. This gives the finished produce a somewhat rough feel and some stretch. Chiffon is usually used for formal wear and lingerie. Many saris and sarongs are also made of chiffon. It is translucent enough to layer over other fabrics.
Chiffon in the Early Days
Pure silk was used to create earlier versions of chiffon. However, in the year 1938, a nylon chiffon version had been invested. Later, an immensely popular polyester chiffon was created in 1958. This was due to the low cost and resiliency of the fabric. Chiffon under a magnifying glass looks like mesh or a fine net which makes it look a bit transparent. In evening wear, chiffon is used most commonly particularly as overlays. It gives a floating, elegant appearance to gowns. It is also a fabric popularly used in lingerie, ribbons and blouses. Like other fabrics made of crepe, chiffon can be hard to work with due to the slippery and light texture. Due to its delicacy, chiffon needs gentle hand washing only. The fabric frays easily as well as it is a very light weight textile. French seams or bound seams are necessary for stopping the fray of the fabric. Compared to the similar fabric georgette, chiffon is more lustrous and is much smoother.
Rejuvenate the color of your chiffon fabric by dyeing it. Before you do this, however, remove stains using a stain remover. If you fail to remove the stains before you dye your chiffon, the dye will not be even. Tough stains can be removed by an enzyme stain remover. After each stain is washed out, dry the chiffon on a clothes dryer on a setting of low heat.
For hand washing chiffon, use gentle liquid detergent. Make it easier to wash your chiffon garment by folding it in half. Swirl it around the tub filled with lukewarm water and detergent and let it soak for half an hour. Use a stream of running water or a tub full of clean water to rinse it out. You will know it is completely rinsed if all the soap bubbles are removed. You will damage the shape of the garment if you wring the fabric. Instead, use a towel and put fabric over this before covering it with another towel. Push down on both towels to get rid of extra water. Let the chiffon dry by removing the towels and hanging on a clothesline.
Knowing how to care for your chiffon will go a long way towards garment preservation. In fact, the light fabric is probably more fragile than all the garments you own. Knowing its qualities and care instructions will preserve your chiffon outfits.