Polyester is a man-made fibre made from petroleum, water, air and coal. Created in a laboratory in the twentieth century, this fabric was developed from a chemical reaction between alcohol and acid. There is a combination of more than two molecules from alcohol and acid to create a larger molecule in a repeating structure throughout its length. Fibres made of polyester can be formed in extra-long molecules that are strong and stable.
Can Polyester Be Dyed?
Polyester may not be the easiest fabric to dye but there are types of dyes that polyester takes to with ease. Knowing the kind of dye that is perfect for using with polyester will help you rejuvenate your collection of clothing. In fact, dyeing fabric is a great way to give a brand new look to your space. You will end up with a brand new look without having to break the bank. All you need is a great dye product that actually works.
Products Made of Polyester
In manufacturing many products, you will see that polyester is used a lot. These include electric insulation, computers, industrial fabric, home furnishing and clothing. There are a few benefits of using polyester compared to using other types of fabric like linen. For example, polyester absorbs oil but not moisture. This makes it perfect for fire-resistant, soil-resistant and water-resistant finishes. It is not very absorbent so it resists stains easily. Clothing made of polyester can be shrunk ahead of time during the process of finishing. Thus, consumers won’t have to deal with their new clothes shrinking in the wash as it has already pre-shrunk. This also means that polyester will retain its shape. The best part is that dyeing polyester is easy. Polyester is also used for creating hypo-allergenic insulation, sleeping bags, outerwear, quilting and filling pillows.
There are several methods used to create polyester depending on what the finished form is to be. Fibrefill, tow, staple and filament are the four basic forms. For polyester filaments every polyester fiber strand is created continuously producing a fabric with a smooth surface. Filaments in a staple form are cut to predetermined, short lengths. It is easier to blend in polyester in this form. When each filament is drawn together loosely, this is called the tow form. In the manufacturing of outerwear, pillows and quilts, the voluminous form is called fibrefill. Staple and filament polyester forms are the two most frequently used forms.
Since it was first discovered, polyester became very popular. The reason is that permanent press fabrics and easy care are some of its qualities. Microfiber is the newest form of polyester which is more versatile and luxurious than traditional polyester. Mary McFadden and other clothing designers have used microfiber in designing an entire clothing line. Polyester is also being developed to become as strong as bulletproof vest material. Eventually, applications include airplane and care manufacturing.